Like other essays, an essay in which patterns are combined include…
An introductory paragraph which typically ends with a thesis statement
A series of body paragraphs which are developed using patterns appropriate to their purposes, and which support the thesis with examples and details.
A conclusion in which the thesis is restated and the main points in support of the thesis are summarized.The conclusion often asserts the significance of the ideas discussed in the essay, and may predict outcomes or future developments based on these ideas
Suppose you are planning your answer to the following question on a take home essay exam for a sociology of religion course:
“What factors attract people to cults? For what reasons do they join?Support your answer with specific examples that illustrate how cults recruit and retain members.”
The wording of this question clearly suggests both cause and effect (“for what reasons”) and exemplification (“specific examples”); in addition, you may decide to develop your response with definition and process.
Definitions of cult (defined by negation – telling what it is not) and by comparison and contrast with religion).
Thesis statement: Using aggressive recruitment tactics and isolating potential members from their families and past lives, cults appeal to new recruits by offering them a highly structured environment.
Why people join cults.
How cults recruit members
Tactics cults use to retain members (series of brief examples)